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Because the begin of the Russian invasion on February 24, Ukraine has liberated a complete of 74,443 sq km of territory from Russian forces, in accordance with knowledge from the Institute for the Research of Battle think-tank.

Ukrainian forces superior into Kherson on 11 November after Russia mentioned its forces had accomplished their withdrawal from the southern metropolis, sealing one of many largest setbacks to President Vladimir Putin’s invasion.

Kyiv’s progress and Moscow’s chaotic retreat throughout the Dnipro river, performed underneath Ukrainian artillery fireplace, meant Russia had surrendered the one provincial capital it had captured within the struggle, in addition to ceding strategic positions.

On the finish of August, Ukraine launched its first massive counter-attack since Russia’s full assault on the nation started in February, whilst Kyiv complained that its forces lacked ample heavy western weaponry to make a decisive strike.

The advance liberated 3,000 sq km of territory in simply six days — Ukraine’s largest victory because it pushed Russian troops again from the capital in March.

Ukraine’s forces proceed to push east, capturing the transport hub of Lyman, close to the north-eastern fringe of the Donetsk province, which it wrestled from Russian management on October 1. The hard-fought victory got here after almost three weeks of battle and set the stage for a Ukrainian advance in the direction of Svatove, a logistics centre for Russia after its troops misplaced the Kharkiv area within the lightning Ukrainian counter-offensive.

Map animation showing Ukrainian counter-offensive in the north east of the country since September 1

Different maps and charts from the struggle

The shift within the battle’s focus in the direction of the Donbas area adopted Russia’s failure to seize Kyiv through the first part of the struggle. Earlier than Ukraine’s speedy counter-offensive, marginal Russian positive factors within the east recommended the struggle was coming into a interval of stalemate.

An animated map showing areas of Ukraine under Russian control through six months of war. Russia’s focus has shifted east, with the invasion reaching a stalemate in recent weeks

The Russians have been thwarted in Kyiv by a mix of things, together with geography, the attackers’ blundering and fashionable arms — in addition to Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and pieces of foam mat.

Map showing Ukrainian counter-offensive area around Kyiv

The variety of Ukrainians fleeing the battle has made it one of many largest refugee crises in fashionable historical past.

Map showing Ukrainian refugees seeking safety in multiple countries – estimated refugees recorded, source UNHCR

In mid-March, an attack on a Ukrainian military base, which had been utilized by US troops to coach Ukrainian troopers, added to Russia’s more and more direct threats that Nato’s continued assist of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant within the struggle. On March 24, Nato agreed to determine 4 new multinational battle teams in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia so as to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

Map of Europe showing Nato member countries with locations of different military presences (multinational troops, air and sea forces, and other military)

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochan Consulting, FT analysis

Cartography and growth by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid and Liz Faunce. Primarily based on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London.


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