The author is secretary-general of Nato

The yr 2022 has been essentially the most difficult for European safety for the reason that second world conflict. It has additionally been an awfully painful yr for the folks of Ukraine. For President Vladimir Putin, it has been a yr of dismal failure. He made two huge strategic errors when he launched his brutal full-fledged invasion.

First, Putin underestimated Ukraine. He thought he may take Kyiv and decapitate the federal government inside days. Ten months on, the Ukrainian folks, armed forces and management proceed to defend their homeland with ability, braveness and willpower which have impressed the world. Tens of hundreds of Russian troops have been injured or killed. Round 1mn folks have left Russia for the reason that begin of the yr, many to keep away from being conscripted for a conflict they don’t consider in. This conflict of selection has left Russia poorer and extra remoted than for many years.

Putin’s different mistake was to underestimate Nato unity. He thought he may divide us and deter us from supporting Ukraine. Whereas Nato isn’t a celebration to this battle, allies are extra united than ever in offering unprecedented army help to help Ukraine’s proper to self-defence, which is enshrined within the UN constitution, and assist it stay a free and democratic nation.

This builds on Nato’s longstanding help for Ukraine. Since 2014, the US, UK, Canada and different Nato allies have educated tens of hundreds of Ukrainian troopers and supported the reform of the armed forces. So when Russia launched its full-scale invasion in February, the Ukrainian armed forces have been higher led, higher educated and higher outfitted to withstand Russia’s renewed aggression.

Since February, allies have provided Ukraine with superior air defence methods, weapons, ammunition, gas, winter uniforms and turbines. This makes a distinction on the bottom on daily basis. Nato can also be working with the defence business, and thru our defence planning course of, to replenish depleted shares of weapons and ammunition and massively step up manufacturing — for Ukraine and for our personal defences.

Putin claimed he needed much less Nato on Russia’s borders. He’s getting the other — a stronger, bigger Nato. After Russia’s unlawful seizure of Crimea in 2014, Nato carried out the most important overhaul of our collective defence in a era. Now we’re additional boosting our presence on the japanese flank and the readiness of our forces throughout the alliance. Finland and Sweden will quickly be a part of Nato as full members, a step arduous to think about earlier than Russia’s invasion.

Putin is ending his yr of failures with extra cruelty in opposition to Ukrainian civilians, cities, infrastructure and well being amenities. Deliberate assaults on civilians are conflict crimes and people accountable should be held accountable. Round 12mn folks, greater than 1 / 4 of Ukraine’s inhabitants, have been lower off from power provides. Thousands and thousands of Ukrainians have fled overseas. Many, together with youngsters, have been forcibly deported to Russia. Regardless of Russian denials, Ukraine’s authorities and worldwide consultants are investigating many reviews that members of Russia’s forces have dedicated rape, torture and abstract executions.

In current months, Russia’s leaders have mobilised over 200,000 additional troops and proven a willingness to take giant numbers of casualties. They search extra weapons and ammunition from different authoritarian regimes, equivalent to Iran. Russia hopes to freeze the conflict to permit its forces to regroup, rearm and attempt to launch a renewed offensive. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has proposed to Russia to start out withdrawing troops by Christmas as a step to finish the battle, however Moscow has bluntly rejected this. It was Putin who began the conflict. He can finish it as we speak by getting out of Ukraine. Proper now, he exhibits no indicators that he’s searching for actual peace.

Most wars finish with negotiations, and Zelenskyy has set out his peace plan. However allow us to not overlook that what occurs on the negotiating desk is inextricably linked with what occurs on the battlefield. We should proceed to help Ukraine in order that it could possibly prevail as a sovereign, impartial state in Europe.

If Putin prevails in Ukraine, the message to Russia — and to different authoritarian regimes — can be that power will get them what they need. This could be a disaster for Ukraine. However it will additionally make the entire world extra harmful, and all of us extra weak. So it’s in our personal safety curiosity to keep up our help for Ukraine this winter, and for so long as it takes.

Nato allies stand sturdy and united. We’ll defend each inch of allied territory. And we are going to stand by Ukraine, for its future and for ours.


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